Starting Your Free Drivers Training Tutorials at AB Drives
LESSON ONE – THE NIGERIA TRAFFIC LAWS
A Brief History of the Nigeria Traffic Laws & Regulations
Traffic laws and regulations in Nigeria were inherited from colonial administration.
The first edition is the 1920 Road Traffic Ordinance of Lagos Colony and Southern Protectorate of Nigeria which is applied to the operations of all motor vehicles until the country was demarcated into Northern, Western and Eastern regions.
Before 1939 vehicle inspection was carried out by the Directorate of Works, while Motor Licensing was supervised by the Motor Licensing officer under the Department of Finance.
As a result of critical issue with the colonial regiment of England during the world war, the Inspector General of Police (IGP) was mandated to undertake the responsibility of Vehicle Inspection;
As well as Motor Licensing until the 1958 Constitution of Nigeria – this conferred powers on regional (State) government to create their own traffic laws.
On 1st January 1949, the Road Traffic Act was promulgated which is available to the Road Traffic Act chapter 548 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (1990).
It is this Act (1949) that gave birth to VIO (Vehicle Inspection Officers).
The FRSC Establishment Act 2007
The Federal Government established the Federal Road Safety Commission through Decree No. 45 of 1988 as amended by Decree 35 of 1992, referred to as FRSC Act Cap 141 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN) and now FRSC Establishment Act 2007.
Section 10(1) of the Federal Road Safety Commission Establishment Act, 2007, identified a body to be known as the Federal Road Safety Corps which shall consist of such number of uniformed and non-uniformed members as may be determined from time to time by the commission.
According to the Act, there are Regular Marshals, Special Marshals and Road Safety Club Members.
The statutory responsibilities of the Corps are:
- Preventing road traffic crashes
- Removing carnages on public highways
- Educating drivers and the general public on road safety matters
- Relating with agencies and organizations with road safety base
- Regulating the use of the highways
- Determining the speed limits for various categories of vehicles
- Giving prompt assistance to RTC victims
- Carryout any other functions as may be directed from time to time
The National Road Traffic Regulation 2004:
The NRTR 2004 is a body of rules regulating Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA), Traffic Management and its control in Nigeria.
This document published by the Federal Government of Nigeria, derives it power from the FRSC Establishment Act, 2007.
It contains 120 sections, and 14 schedules. The law bothers on the purchases, registration and ownership of vehicles in Nigeria.
These include procedures for obtaining vehicle number plates, the enhanced National Driver’s License (ENDL), and the various classes of drives’ licenses contained in the regulation: NRTR page B (191).
NRTR 2004 Comprises of 14 Parts:
- Registration of Vehicles
- Licenses of Vehicles
- Special Trade License
- Identification Marks
- Driver’s License
- Taxes, Stage Carriages, Omnibuses and Motorcycle for Hire.
- Road use and Construction
- Removal of Vehicles
- Special provision relating to Driving of Vehicles
- Special Provision relating to Expressway
- Miscellaneous Motor Traffic Regulations
- Provisions relating to Pedestrian and Traffic other than Motor Traffic
Also: NRTR 2004 Comprises of 14 Schedules:
- Number Plates, National Driver’s License and Permit
- Passenger Manifest
- Certificate of Road Worthiness
- Notification to Inspect Motor/Motorcycle Vehicle Accidents
- Vehicle Identification Tag and Number Plate dimension
- Traffic Control Hand Signals
- Traffic Control Arm Signals
- Maximum Speed Limits for all categories of vehicles
- Road Signs and Traffic Signals
- Certificate of release of removed vehicles
- Notice of office sheet, fines and penalties
- Warning Danger Labels
- Specification of Fire Extinguisher and
- Road Charges